|Area:||198 500 sq km (77 181 sq mi), 94% of which is mountains.
The country’s average elevation is 2750 m. About 40% of it is over 3000 m high, with three-quarters under permanent snow and glaciers
|Location:||Situated in the North East of Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan in the North, North-Western China in the South and East, and Uzbekistan in the West|
|Population:||5 482 000 people (2009)|
|Capital:||Bishkek. Population: 865 527 people (2009)|
|GDP (nominal):||US$ 863 per capita (2010)|
|Time:||6 hours ahead of GMT/UTC (no daylight saving time)|
|Climate:||January: the warmest average is –4C/25F in the south and around Issyk-Kul Lake, the coldest average is -30C/-22F in high mountain valleys.
July: average is +27C/80.6F in the south to -10C/14F on the highest mountain peaks (6000m-7000m)
Continental, dry continental to polar in high Tien-Shan; subtropical in south-west (Fergana Valley)
|Languages:||Kyrgyz (state), Russian (official). English is widely spoken in travel agencies, hotels and medium & high end restaurants|
|Nationalities:||Kyrgyz 69%, Uzbek 14%, Russian 9%, other 8%|
|Religions:||Muslim 80%, Russian Orthodox 17%, other 3%|
|Health:||No vaccinations for entry required|
|Safety:||Usual precautions taken by travellers in any foreign country should be sufficient.|
|National currency:||1 Som = 100 tyiyn (October 2015: USD 1 = KGS 68 = EUR 78)|
|Changing Money:||Money may be changed at banks or exchange bureaus. USD, EUR, CHFr, GBP in cash are welcome. Credit cards: VISA is widely accepted in ATMS, hotels and supermarkets in Bishkek, Mastercard much less so. No USD-bills issued prior to 1990 are acceptable because the silver thread is missing. Money changers will not accept folded, old, marked or tatty bills for exchange. They are unusually fussy.|
|Tipping:||5 to 10% extra for service in hotels as well as in the medium & high level restaurants.
No tips for taxis are expected.
|Official holidays:||January 1 – New Year; January 7 – Russian Christmas; March 21 – Nooruz, New Year Day of Equinox; May 1 – International Worker’s Day; May 5 – Constitution Day; May 9 – World War Two Victory Day; August 31 – Independence Day.
Muslim holidays determined by the Lunar Calendar: Orozo-Ayt and Kurman-Ayt
|Best travel time:||May through September|
|International Airports:||Manas (35 km from Bishkek), Osh (5 km from Osh).|